Age spots are spots on the skin that have increased pigmentation due to sun exposure.
These skin spots are variable in color and range from reddish to brownish, and sometimes even black.
Age spots usually appear on areas of the body that have the most sun exposure. Examples of these areas are the forehead, face, arms, hands, shoulders, and upper back.
What are common causes of age/sun spots and how are they formed?
In short, age/sun spots are the result of sun damage to the skin. When our skin comes into contact with UV light, our body produces a dark, pigmented substance called melanin, which results in the darkening of the skin. This darkening of the skin is typically uneven and is often accompanied by an enlargement of small blood vessels, resulting in a reddish/pinkish color.
Age/Sun spots appear when our skin is over-exposed to the sun. Over-exposure to the sun results in an overproduction of melanin, resulting in these dark spots.
A skin tag is a tiny, benign, outpouching of skin that is typically connected to the underlying skin by a thin stalk. Skin tags look like tiny bits of “hanging” skin and typically occur in sites where clothing rubs against the skin or where there is skin-to-skin friction, such as the underarms, neck, upper chest, and groin.
Skin tags are typically flesh-colored or may appear brown in light-skinned individuals. They may be smooth or wrinkled and range in size from very tiny (1 mm) to approximately the size of a grape. If a skin tag is twisted on its blood supply it may turn red or black. Skin tags may bleed if caught on clothing or are otherwise torn.
Removal of the skin tags, moles and age spots by a healthcare practitioner is the established treatment for skin tags that are irritating or pose cosmetic problems. Procedures to remove these involve little or no pain. They may include excision, cryosurgery or cauterisation, depending on the individual.
Removal can be accomplished by cutting with a blade or scissors, surgical biopsy, cryotherapy (freezing with liquid nitrogen), or using electrocautery.
Local anesthesia (such as with injections or application of a topical anesthetic cream) may be indicated before the removal of larger skin tags. Tiny skin tags can typically be removed without anesthesia.
Dr Wadhera performs these procedures at his Medical Practice in St. Clair, Medicare rebates available.
Results will vary from patient to patient and do not reflect the outcome of your surgery; nor does Dr Wadhera guarantee specific results.
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Dr Wadhera (M.B.B.S) has practiced medicine for over 40 years in Sydney. He is trained as a General Practitioner and in Cosmetic Medicine, specialising in aesthetic medicine and skin care surgery. Dr Wadhera is renowned for his quality of results and workmanship, as well as developing trusted relationship with clients. Dr Wadhera specialises in advanced techniques, complex cases and correctional work.